Separate configurations for logging and tracing

Release:1.2.1

The purpose of logging is to capture information (caught errors, branching decisions, calculation results, etc.).

The purpose of tracing is to capture program flow and data (which functions and methods are called, in what sequence, and with what parameters).

In addition to serving different purposes, logging and tracing typically have different intended audiences. While logging output is generally useful for anyone who must observe an application (developers as well as QA testers, administrators, business analysts, etc.), tracing is of use primarily for developers.

Because the purpose of and audience for logging and tracing differ, it is often convenient to configure and control them separately. This may include, but is not limited to:

  • being able to enable/disable logging and tracing independent of one another
  • writing logging output and tracing output to different log files
  • using different log entry formatting for logging and tracing

Standard Python logging configuration can be used in combination with Autologging to accomplish these goals.

In the example module below, we have logged and traced a simple class:

# my_module.py

import logging

from autologging import logged, traced


@traced
@logged
class MyClass:

   def my_method(self, arg, keyword=None):
      if keyword is not None:
         self.__log.debug("taking the keyword branch")
         return "{} and {}".format(arg, keyword)
      return arg.upper()

We will now configure the logging system to write two log files - one that contains all log entries (including tracing), and another that contains only non-tracing log entries:

# my_module_main.py

import logging
import logging.config

import autologging

from my_module import MyClass

logging.config.dictConfig({
    "version": 1,
    "formatters": {
        "logformatter": {
            "format":
                "%(asctime)s:%(levelname)s:%(name)s:%(funcName)s:%(message)s",
        },
        "traceformatter": {
            "format":
                "%(asctime)s:%(process)s:%(levelname)s:%(filename)s:"
                    "%(lineno)s:%(name)s:%(funcName)s:%(message)s",
        },
    },
    "handlers": {
        "loghandler": {
            "class": "logging.FileHandler",
            "level": logging.DEBUG,
            "formatter": "logformatter",
            "filename": "app.log",
        },
        "tracehandler": {
            "class": "logging.FileHandler",
            "level": autologging.TRACE,
            "formatter": "traceformatter",
            "filename": "trace.log",
        },
    },
    "loggers": {
        "my_module.MyClass": {
            "level": autologging.TRACE,
            "handlers": ["tracehandler", "loghandler"],
        },
    },
})

if __name__ == "__main__":
    obj = MyClass()
    obj.my_method("test")
    obj.my_method("spam", keyword="eggs")

If we now run the application, it will produce two log files (“app.log” and “trace.log”).

The “app.log” file contains the single DEBUG record:

2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:DEBUG:my_module.MyClass:my_method:taking the keyword branch

The “trace.log” file contains call and return tracing for both method calls as well as the DEBUG record:

2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:24100:TRACE:my_module.py:12:my_module.MyClass:my_method:CALL *('test',) **{}
2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:24100:TRACE:my_module.py:16:my_module.MyClass:my_method:RETURN 'TEST'
2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:24100:TRACE:my_module.py:12:my_module.MyClass:my_method:CALL *('spam',) **{'keyword': 'eggs'}
2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:24100:DEBUG:my_module.py:14:my_module.MyClass:my_method:taking the keyword branch
2016-01-17 19:58:52,639:24100:TRACE:my_module.py:16:my_module.MyClass:my_method:RETURN 'spam and eggs'

Many other configurations are possible using various combinations of logging.config settings and/or explicitly-named trace loggers via autologging.traced.